The Tudor Dynasty
The Tudor Dynasty and the impact on Britain’s history The beginning The Tudor dynasty began in 1485 after the War of Roses ended between the Lancastrains, which Henry VII the founder of the Tudor dynasty was from and the Plantagenets, and Richard III, the last king of the Plantagenet dynasty was killed in battle. The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York (whose heraldic symbols were the “red” and the “white” rose, respectively) for the throne of England.
The Royal Tudors family tree traces the rise and the fall of the Plantagenet dynasty and the start of the Tudors dynasty with Owen Tudor. The Tudor family tree ends with Elizabeth I. Queen Elizabeth I died childless, thus ending the famous dynasty of the Tudors, King James I 1603–1625 succeeded her, and the dynasty of the Stuarts. We will write about who the Tudors married and who the children were. Henry Tudor won the Battle of Bosworth Field defeated King Richard III in 1485, which started the House of Tudor. The Dynasty family Henry VII won the throne when he defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field.
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He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. He was known for restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the political upheavals of the wars of the Roses. He founded a long-lasting dynasty and after a reign of nearly 24 years, was peacefully succeeded by his son, Henry VIII Henry VIII England was Catholic at the time Henry VIII ascended the throne. Henry VIII had six wives, Katherine of Aragon the mother of Bloody Mary, Anne Boleyn the mother of Elizabeth I, Jane Seymour the mother of Edward VI, Anne of
Cleves, Catherine Howard and Katherine Parr. The reason why these marriages ended was either because of they got divorced, beheaded, dead and one survived. Some believe that King Henry VIII died of Syphillis, but his cause of death has never been established. He had some kids with some of his wives, who became Kings and Queen. In that time females had not yet sat on the English throne. Henry therefore wanted to divorce her and remarry, so that he might have an heir to the throne. The Catholic Church opposed divorce and wouldn’t give Henry permission to divorce.
He therefor banished the Catholic Church from England, and he himself became head of the English Church. He also increased the power of the Navy and naval planning, which would become quite significant. King Edward King Edward VI was only 15 when he died, because of health issue and named Lady Jane Grey, as his heir and successor to the throne of England – Lady Jane Grey ruled for just 9 days, then she died because of high treason, she was sentenced to death and got beheaded. Jane Lady Jane Grey, also known as The Nine Days’ Queen. Was an English noblewoman, before she came to sit on the throne from 10 July till July 1553.
Lady Jane Grey had an excellent humanist education and a reputation as one of the most learned young women of her day. A committed Protestant; she was posthumously regarded as not only a political victim but also a martyr. Her claim to the throne is contested. In 1546, when Jane was just 10 years old, when she was sent away to live with the 35-year-old Katherine Parr, who was married to King Henry VIII in 1543. She got married May 21, which was an arranged marriage to Lord Guilford Dudley, son of the powerful Duke. During her short reign, were Jane and Lord Guilford Dudley both charged with high treason.
Both defendants were found guilty and sentenced to death. Jane had to choose whether she would be burned to death (the traditional English punishment for treason committed by women) at Tower Hill or beheaded in the Tower of London. Jane was only 16-17 years old when she executed Mary I Better known as ”Bloody Mary”. Mary was born on 18 February 1516 at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, London. She was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. And was the only child of King Henry VIII. As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism.
During her five-year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions. The Marian Persecutions were carried out against Protestant religious reformers for their faith during the reign of Mary I of England (1553–1558). Protestants in England and Wales were executed under anti-Protestant legislation that punished anyone judged guilty of heresy against the Catholic faith. Queen Elizabeth I After Henry VIII banished the Catholic Church from England, Elizabeth 1 brought England back from Protestant. At the time her sister Mary was queen, she tried to bring England back to Catholic.
When she died and Elizabeth came to rule, she went back to the Church of England. This Elizabethan religious settlement held firm throughout her reign and later evolved into today’s Church of England. Queen Elizabeth I inherited the throne of a country torn between Protestantism and Catholicism, and as a wise leader, she established Protestantism as the country’s religion. The throne of England passed to the Protestant King James VI of Scotland who became King James I of England and started the dynasty of the Stuarts The Tudor Dynasty impact on Britain’s history
There have been a lot of changes in Britain during the period of The Tudor Dynasty. The Tudor period usually refers to the period between 1485 and 1603. During the Tudor period, there were many changes in religion. Henry VIII was a Catholic but when the Pope said he couldn’t divorce Catherine, Henry left Catholicism and declared himself head of the Church. The church was now Protestant. He closed all Catholic churches and made the bible to rewritten into Welsh language. And Mary I, who was a strong Catholic was raised in Spain because of her Spanish mother, Catharine of Aragon.
She closes the Protestant churches and burned about 300 people to be Protestant. Elizabeth was a Protestant. When she became queen, was the Anglican church in time. Since then, religion in England was much calmer. The English Reformation – was the event in 16th century where the Church of England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church. In the later period of the 15th century about one-third of the population was living in poverty. The Tudor law was quite harsh, they got punished for acts such as vagabonding and begging. The punishments was including whipping, burning, execution and putting at the stocks.
Also many children didn’t went to school during Tudor times. Those that did go were usually the sons of wealthy or working families. Girls weren’t allowed at school – they were either kept home to help their parents with housework or sent out to work for their family. There were two types of school, The Petty School and The Grammar School. The Petty School was where they taught the children to read and write and at the The Grammar School was where the boys learned Latin. You didn’t know a lot about “health” or “hygiene” during the Tudor times.
The average life span was 35 years. The Tudor municipalities were overcrowded and unhygienic. There were no sewers or drains, and rubbish was simply thrown in the streets. Animals such as rats thrived in these conditions. In larger towns and cities, such as London, common diseases arising from lack of sanitation included smallpox, measles, malaria, typhus, diphtheria, Scarlet fever, and chickenpox. The Black Death started to be “known” and frightened. The reason of the disease, which spread in a high speed, was caused of infected rats that were carrying it.
Following the Black Death and the agricultural depression of the late 15th century, population growth began to increase. The export of woolen products resulted in economic upturn with products exported to mainland Europe. They also had an impact on the architecture in London, because of “Henry VII chapel”. Henry VII planned it as a shrine-chapel for the body of his uncle. It was a triumph of renaissance architecture. His main residence was Baynard’s Castle, which he rebuilt, in a more palatial style. He also rebuilt the Palace of Sheen, when it was burnt, and he renamed it as Richmond Palace, which also was the place he died.
Henry VIII was also a great builder; he expanded York House, the London residence of the Archibishop of York, to become the Palace of Whitehall. He moved Bridewell Palace south of Fleet Street just west of the city, when the Royal apartments at Whitehall were wrecked by fire. He also built St. James’ Palace and the now lost Palace of Nonsuch. Elizabeth defeated the Spanish armada in 1588, which deterred any imminent threats of Spanish invasion and shattered Spain’s naval power, empowering the British people and the British strength while maintaining the Balance of Power in Europe.
The reign of Elizabeth had a big impact on the future. If she didn’t ruled England that time, Spain likely would have invaded and taken over the nation of Britain, which would have destroyed the balance of power in the continent and would have undoubtedly led to a Spanish speaking America unimaginably different than today. Elizabeth defeated the Spanish armada in 1588, which deterred any imminent threats of Spanish invasion and shattered Spain’s naval power, empowering the British people and the British strength while maintaining the Balance of Power in Europe.