The distructive power of a valcano is one of the most violent and deadly of all natural
forces. In a short period of time, these massive explosions of the earth’s crust can shatter
whole communities. Valcanoes are very distructive no matter how big or how small they
erupt at. They cause the highest amount of deaths and the greatest amount of damage.
Of the two major types of Volcanoes, andestic and basaltic, the two typical
volcanoes begin life when a mass of low-density magma forces its way to the surface.
When the density of the rising magma is the same as that of the surrounding rock, it
gathers in a magma chamber. Any rise in pressure in the chamber may now push the
magma upwards through cracks in the overlying rock. As the magma traveling up a
crack approaches the surface, the pressure from the overlying rocks reduces; gases are
released from the magma and expand so suddenly that an explosion rips open a funnel
shaped vent (called a diatreme) to the surface. The lava that blasts out of the vent then
cools, to form cinders, ash and dust – all referred to as “Tephra”. A ring of tephra collects
around the vent and, as the eruption subsides, this blocks up the diatreme.
Volcanoes have erupted in many different places. Volcanoes have erupted in The
Philippines, Java, Papua New Guinea & Hawaii and many other places. “The Ring of
Fire”, located around the Pacific Ocean, is 20 or so places with active volcanoes in them
joined by one big imaginary line that forms a circle (or “Ring”) when scaled down to the
Somewhere in the world an eruption occurs at least once a month. Whether it be
big or small it doesn’t really matter at all. If it kills 1 person or 1 000 people it is still
counted as an eruption. In some countries volcanoes are common and erupt frequently as
in Hawaii. But in other countries like Australia there are no eruptions at all. That could
be because all the volcanoes are dormant or there are simply no volcanoes at all.
In 1815, the most devastating eruption ever recorded, killed approximately 92 000
people. 10 000 people died directly from the volcano and a further 82 000 died from
famine. The volcano is located at Tambora, Sumbawa in Indonesia. Recently a volcano
erupted in Monserrat, West Indies. It devastated farms, houses and streets became rivers
Just about valcanoes, it’s kinda lame but oh wel
Cite this Valcanoes
Valcanoes. (2018, Jul 06). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/valcanoes-essay/