Stike Out Three Strikes Research Paper Essay

Stike Out Three Strikes Essay, Research Paper

Last twelvemonth in California electors approved a controversial ballot enterprise.

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Proposition 184, besides known as the three work stoppages and you & # 8217 ; re out jurisprudence, was passed on

November 9, 1994. Under this new statute law repetition wrongdoers, upon perpetrating their

3rd felony discourtesy, will be sentenced to a compulsory 25 old ages to life in

prison ( California 667 ) . The enterprise passed by a landslide, with 76 % of the electors in

favour of it. The State Senate shortly after voted the measure into jurisprudence, with merely seven members

voting against it. The three work stoppages inaugural stemmed from the violent death of Polly Klass by

Richard Allen Davis, a convicted criminal. The killing outraged the full province but what

enraged people even more was that Davis had been in and out of prison his whole life and

was still free to kill once more. Soon people began naming for Torahs that would set repetition

violent wrongdoers behind bars for life. The premiss of the new Torahs became an easy issue

for politicians to endorse. To oppose such statute law seemed to be political self-destruction, so most

politicians backed the enterprise. Although many civil autonomies groups opposed such

compulsory condemning steps there was small they could in the face of enormous elector

blessing. Many electors did non recognize that this measure could set potentially incarcerate people

for farcical sums after the committee of a minor discourtesy. Even more electors did non

recognize the cost of implementing such a measure. Now that this new statute law has been in

consequence for a twelvemonth and the enormous negative effects it have become obvious we must

abrogation it.

One of the issues that must be considered when enforcing compulsory sentencing is

the increased cost of captivity. In the province of California it costs $ 20,000 per twelvemonth to

imprison an inmate under normal fortunes ( Cost 1 ) . This sum of money could

set one individual through a province college for two or three old ages. Harmonizing to Beth Carter

the three work stoppages jurisprudence has placed 1,300 people in prison for a 3rd work stoppage discourtesy and 14,000

people in prison on a 2nd work stoppage discourtesy ( 1 ) . The current recidivism rate in California is

70 % ( 2 ) , which means that out of those 14,000 people that about 10,000 will be back in

prison for a 3rd work stoppage. To incarcerate those 1,300 3rd work stoppage wrongdoers for the mandatary

lower limit of 25 old ages will be the province of California $ 812,500,000. To back up

these inmates for longer periods of clip we will hold to increase the sum of money

traveling to our prison system. This means that either disbursement in other countries will be cut or

an addition of revenue enhancements. Neither of which is extremely favored by electors. On a national degree the

Justice Departments budget has increased an dismaying 162 % since 1987 ( Cost 2 ) . The

money that is being spent imprisoning these people can be more good spent in other countries.

The money can be spent on offense bar and rehabilitation, instead than requital.

Before the three work stoppages jurisprudence was enacted it had been estimated that to maintain up with the

turning prison population on a national degree that it was necessary to pass $ 100,000,000

per hebdomad on our prison system ( Ogutu ) . Now that we will be holding more and more

felons behind bars we shall hold to pass even more money edifice and maintaining up

our overcrowded prisons. Of these people that taxpayers are paying to incarcerate Mauer

suggests that every bit many as 80 % will be non-vi

olent wrongdoers. So far 80 % of the 2nd and

3rd work stoppage discourtesies have been for non-violent offenses, most of these being drug

discourtesies ( 23 ) . There have merely been merely 53 people with 2nd and 3rd work stoppage

strong beliefs for colza, slaying, and snatch ( Carter 1 ) . This jurisprudence & # 8217 ; s deficiency of effectivity

clearly does non justify its immense monetary value.

The other facet to see in the execution of the three work stoppages statute law is

its consequence on non-violent wrongdoers. These are the people hardest hit by this jurisprudence. It is

hard see how society can warrant directing a drug nut to prison for 25 old ages at a cost

of $ 20,000 per twelvemonth when the money could be used to fund drug rehabilitation centres and

alternate plans for our young person. Most drug users are non in demand prison, they are in

demand of aid for their dependences. If a fraction of the money it would be to incarcerate them

is put toward drug rehabilitation plans it would salvage the province money, while at the

same clip assisting the person. The three work stoppages statute law is straight aimed at violent

offense, but its path record has shown that it has missed the grade by a long shooting. Some

wrongdoers have been convicted for a 3rd work stoppage on comparatively little discourtesies. For illustration,

a adult male named Steven Gordon was convicted for his 3rd work stoppage after stealing a billfold that

had $ 100 dollars in it. His old discourtesies had all been non-violent, yet he was

convicted under our three work stoppages jurisprudence ( Franklin 26 ) . This is non an stray incident either.

Franklin cites legion illustrations of instances where people were convicted under this

statute law for non-violent discourtesies ( 26 ) . These types of instances merely exemplify how the three

work stoppages statute law is aiming non-violent wrongdoers, as opposed to its end of aiming

violent felons.

After one twelvemonth in consequence it is easy to see what our three-strikes statute law has done.

It has become easy to visualize the long term effects of such wide statute law on our

society. Although this jurisprudence was enacted by the will of the people, it has non carried out the

will of the people. Peoples wanted a jurisprudence that would set unsafe repetition wrongdoers behind

bars for life. Alternatively we are now seting an progressively big figure of non-violent

wrongdoers behind bars for drawn-out periods of clip. It would be easy to warrant the cost of

taking a violent threat from our society, but warranting the cost of incarcerating people

who are of no menace to anyone but themselves is hard. We must look closely at what

this statute law has done so far. It has placed many more non-violent wrongdoers in prison

than violent wrongdoers. The statute law stands to be the province 1000000s of dollars per twelvemonth

to imprison people of longer prison footings. Clearly the three-strikes jurisprudence has non served

its intended intent it must be repealed.

California. California Penal Code.

Carter, Beth. & # 8220 ; The Impact of `Three Strikes and You & # 8217 ; re Out & # 8217 ; Laws: What Have We

Learned? & # 8221 ; Internet Article. Hypertext transfer protocol: // samaha/j11H1.html.

The Cost of Mandatory Minimums. Pamphlet. Families Against Mandatory Minimums,


Franklin, Daniel. & # 8220 ; The Right Three Strikes. & # 8221 ; Washington Monthly September 1994: 25-


Mauer, Marc. & # 8220 ; Three Strikes Policy is Merely a Quick-fix Solution. & # 8221 ; Correctionss Today

July 1996: 23.

Ogutu, Fenno. Class talk. Sociology 120. Diablo Valley College, Pleasant Hill, CA.

13 Nov. 1996.

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