The Pros and Cons of the Voyages and Discoveries of Christopher Columbus

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The discovery of the new world by Christopher Columbus revolutionized the global history. It should be noted that Columbus, although not indispensable himself, held the distinction of being the first European to reach the new world under circumstances that facilitated significant colonization. Christopher Columbus’ voyages and subsequent discoveries have both positive and negative implications. Without Spain’s decision to send Columbus on a quest to find an Asian trade route, the world as we know it today would be drastically different.

Christopher Columbus, a navigator, had the ambitious idea of sailing west across the ocean rather than taking the longer route to Asia. He believed, contrary to common belief, that the earth was smaller. Initially, he presented his plan to Portugal and England, but they rejected him. Undeterred, he sought support from Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain. All three shared a desire for fame and fortune, leading to a deal between them. Spain supported Columbus because they believed in the existence of a direct route to Asia, which would enhance their trade with the continent and potentially yield valuable minerals and resources. Columbus aimed to be the first to discover this shorter route to Asia while Spain sought wealth and gold – a win-win situation for all involved.

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Christopher Columbus’ voyage had both positive and negative effects. He and his crew are known for discovering the new world, which led to rapid colonization by England, France, Spain, and Portugal. The discovery brought about new trade, known as the Columbian exchange. This exchange involved the transfer of plants and animals between the old and new worlds. However, it also resulted in the introduction of diseases. Smallpox and measles caused many deaths in America, while syphilis claimed lives in Europe.

Despite Christopher Columbus’s discovery of the new world, there were both positive and negative consequences. Initially, the native population endured immense suffering as some were killed or enslaved. Moreover, the introduction of European diseases led to additional fatalities. Furthermore, Columbus’s expedition laid the groundwork for the slave trade, which involved millions of Africans being transported to work as slaves in this unfamiliar land. Ultimately, his voyage facilitated the merging of the old world and new world.

Despite both positive and negative aspects associated with Christopher Columbus, his discovery of the new world had a profound impact, as it led to a significant transformation from the old world to the new world. This creation of the new world brought about various challenges and triumphs, shaping the relationship between Europeans and Americans. Columbus, initially seeking a faster route to Asia, exceeded his expectations and will forever be commemorated in history.

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The Pros and Cons of the Voyages and Discoveries of Christopher Columbus. (2022, Jun 10). Retrieved from

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