Critical Issues in Policing
There are several critical issues in policing - Critical Issues in Policing introduction. The main critical issues of policing are: use of deadly force, police deviance, police prejudice and discrimination, violence, substance abuse, and police brutality as well as other police misconduct. Not only do law enforcement agencies have to deal with critical issues within their agencies, they also have to deal with critical issues that pertain to the public. Officers put their lives at risk every day. When they put on their uniforms and go out into the field they are faced with danger and they have to be prepared to handle the situations they come face to face with. When you are in a position to protect the people and the community your job generally will come with a large amount of risks” (www. termpaperhouse. com).
There are many dangers associated with policing. The policing agencies deal with several different people on a daily basis, some of which cause a lot of problems for them. The main dangers that police officers face is getting shot. Police officers are exposed to the danger of getting shot while they are patrolling, making traffic stops, making arrests, during vehicle pursuits, and while responding to calls.
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Another danger that police are exposed to is extreme temperatures. “Police are exposed to extreme temperatures for extended periods of time” (lodi360. com). They have to deal with heat and freezing weather. The police organizations address these dangers and other dangers by dressing according to the weather, wearing vests and other protective gear, and relying on their training. Not only are they faced with dangers every day, but they have to learn how to use new technology quite often. There are many forms of technology used in policing.
Some examples of technology used in policing are: the fingerprinting system, radio and telephone, Imaging, Biometrics, expert systems, mobile data communication, computers, and forensic technologies. Technology used in policing enhances the police organizations’ ability to function. Thanks to technology, there is better communication among officers and their superiors, and they are able to respond to calls much faster. “The applications of technology to policing have greatly enhanced the ability of law enforcement organizations to meaningfully engage in the problem-solving process” (Law Enforcement in the 21st Century Chapter 13 pg 325).
Technology gives policing an edge on preventing and solving crime. Officers are able to get information on individuals from their vehicle without calling into the station. Due to technology in forensics, they can solve crimes, such as murder, much easier. Crimes are not always easy to solve, and can even go unsolved, even with the use of technology, but it is much better with the use of technology. It helps officers handle dangerous situations, which helps them determine when to use or not to use less-than-lethal weapons.
Less-than-lethal weapons are used when lethal force is not appropriate. They are used to subdue a criminal, or an aggressive individual, without killing them. Some examples of less-than-lethal weapons are: tasers, stun guns, pepper spray, rubber bullets, nets, and handcuffs. Though there are no guarantees that less-than-lethal weapons will not cause death, there are fewer fatalities with the use of less-than-lethal weapons. Less-than-lethal weapons help officers to respond to with accurate level of force that is most appropriate for the situation they become involved in.
The officer’s observations of suspect behavior should correspond to awareness and understanding of an appropriate level of coercive force” (Law Enforcement in the 21st Century Chapter 11 pg 264). Just as they do with lethal weapons, officers have to be careful how, when, and where they use less-than-lethal weapons. There is a chance that an innocent bystander could be hit by one of these weapons if they are not used correctly. There is also the chance of the suspect dying or getting seriously injured if the appropriate less-than-lethal weapon is not used correctly or used at close range.
Officers have to be trained on how to use the weapons, and they have to be prepared to use them, know how to use them, know when to use them, and what weapon is appropriate to use when certain situations arise. They need to be able to judge, correctly, what method would be best to use. The situations officers are put in can be very dangerous, and sometimes they do have to use deadly force to stop the criminal, but they try to use less force as much as possible. They are trained to deal with or handle all kinds of situations.
No matter what situation an officer is put in or whatever new technology advances, they will always be faced with danger and they will need to be able to handle the critical issues that come along with policing. The dangers they are faced with range from getting shot to coming in contact with contagious diseases. They have the chance of wrecking when pursuing a vehicle, obtaining poor eating habits and other health concerns, and getting harmed or killed when arresting someone or pulling an individual over for a traffic violation.
They go through training and they learn safety precautions, but it will not keep them from running into danger or dealing with other critical issues. Every day when they step out into the field they are risking their lives. Critical issues are a part of everyday policing, and are dealt with on various levels in various ways. Police organizations have to be prepared to handle any and all situations they are placed in. It is hard to be properly prepared for every single situation, especially when an emergency occurs, but they are trained on how to handle these critical issues as best as they can be.
Every day when an officer comes into work they have to be prepared, as much as possible, to handle critical issues, danger, and to use the technology associated with policing organizations. They have to know how to protect themselves, defend themselves, handle aggressive individuals, protect the community, and know when, where, and how to use less-than-lethal weapons. Every day they face danger as well as other critical issues, and every day they are putting themselves at risk or injury and death.