Environmental Biology Oceanic Biome A Biome is a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat. There are a couple different types of biomes. There are six major groups of biomes which are; freshwater, marine, desert, forest, grassland, tundra. Then these six groups are broken down a bit father. In this paper we will discuss part of the marine biome which is the ocean biome. When one thinks of very large bodies of water such as the ocean, we are talking about marine biomes.
Instead of freshwater it contains saltwater. They also include the coral reefs and estuaries. The ocean biome is the largest of all of the worlds. Which makes sense considering that the majority of the world surface is made up of water. Due to the massive size of the biome, there are many subcategories offered as well. This is a good thing because it makes it possible for them to evaluate things further. Thanks to the technology of today we are allowed to see what occurs with the relationships among the animals and plants that live there.
You can’t help but recognize the importance of the ocean biome. There is so much more to the ocean then refreshing water and enjoyable to engage with, there is so much activity that goes on underneath. This is because most of the animals and plants live in areas where we don’t see very often. If you go out to the ocean to where you can no longer touch, you are nowhere near the depths of what it really is. This biome is by far the largest being found on 71% of the planet’s surface.
There are five ocean biomes in the world, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. Then they branch into the world’s major seas. The largest one is the Pacific. It is 64 million square miles. The deepest part of any ocean biome in the world is the Mariana Trench. It is 36,200 feet deep. The average temperature is 39 °F. There are different types of plant life that live under water. Phytoplankton, kelp, and paddle grass are just a few examples.
There are also very many types of animals that live in the ocean such as whales, sharks, octopus, dolphins, sea cucumbers, and squids. Dolphins are my personal favorite. They help balance out the numbers eating a variety of fish and animals. They go though some struggles dealing with water pollution just like all other animals. Humans have to realize how there environmental awareness in taking care of this world’s oceans is very important because we are affecting everything in the ocean.
As we can see we have to take very good care of our world’s oceans. Covering most of our planet and having so many different types of plants and animals we have to acknowledge our impact on it. We have to be self-conscience of our effects on it in polluting our waters. The animals suffer so much getting caught in trash or dying of dirty water. Works Cited http://bioexpedition. com/ocean-biome/ http://www. ucmp. berkeley. edu/exhibits/biomes/marine. php#oceans http://www. ehow. com/list_7427082_plants-live-ocean-biome. html
Cite this Environmental Biology: Ocean Biomes
Environmental Biology: Ocean Biomes. (2016, Nov 12). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/environmental-biology-ocean-biomes/