Inzy lets things flow over him This is not just the story of a man who has risen to be one of Pakistan’s icons. It is also a more human tale, one of two friends and a friendship that has stood for nearly 20 years, despite the differences caused by distance, status and money. On Thursday evening, even as the hotel prepares for the arrival of the Indian team (the Pakistani team is not top priority), one man is trying to find a proper place for a big framed photograph of a young, laughing Inzamam-ul Haq.
He is painstakingly going over a banner written in English, welcoming Inzamam home. Is this correct English? ” he asks. “More or less,” one smiles apologetically. “My friend is coming home,” he smiles excitedly. “And I want it to be perfect. ” Meet Ghulam Mujtaba, just Mujtaba to most, almost a tradition in Multan himself — everyone knows him — and the Pakistan skipper’s long-standing friend. “People here never used to talk of Mujtaba and Inzamam without mentioning the other,” says another man, watching Mujtaba’s efforts.
“Yes,” says Mujtaba. “But that was a long time ago. Now he has gone far ahead, further than even he dreamed of going and I just watch with pride. Inzamam met Mujtaba through elder brother Intezaar, who was a friend. “Intezaar brought him to my father’s shop one day,” says Mujtaba. “I was 16-17 and he was younger. We hit it off immediately and it’s always been that way. ” According to Mujtaba, they were a group of four. “Inzamam has never been one for making many friends. Even as a kid he would either hang out at his only sister’s place here or at my home. Night after night, after everyone had slept, Inzamam would make the omelettes, I would make the rotis and we would eat and eat and talk. Mujtaba recalls how they would often not sleep at all, just wash up and go straight for the first namaaz of the day and be there even before Inzamam’s father, Pir Intizam-ul-Haq, one of Multan’s biggest spiritual leaders. “He would always ask us how we were there so early. We never told him the truth. ” Inzamam, it appears, would spend most of the day at the old Multan Stadium practicing with bat in hand. “It was Imran Khan, on a visit here, who saw him and said he wanted him to come to Lahore. There was a lot of heartbreak but it was the best thing for him, so he went and joined Lahore Club. He remembers the time Inzamam was picked for the 1992 World Cup and that incredible match-winning semi-final performance against New Zealand. Inzamam played that match coming straight off the drip — he had some kind of food poisoning and it was decided he could play just hours before the game. And then the World Cup win. “Multan came out to meet him in full strength at the airport,” says Mujtaba. “I didn’t go. He was a superstar and I wasn’t sure if I would fit in with his new life now. I didn’t want to impose. When the motorcade carrying Inzamam was passing the shop, the then young star got off and brought his friend to be with him the rest of the way. There are pictures of the two waving from that convoy. “He’s always been that kind of person,” says the by-now emotional Mujtaba. “Fame hasn’t changed him. ” He thinks a bit and then adds that only in the past few years has Inzamam begun asserting himself a bit more. “Things people said during the match-fixing phase, other problems, added responsibility of the captaincy, they’ve all made him react now and then.
He still is laidback, has nothing bad to say about anybody. In fact, that’s the best and the worst thing about him — his tendency to just let things flow over him. ” Time has passed since those glory days. These are heady days of a different type. On Friday morning, Inzamam comes down to breakfast. A little later, Mujtaba enters and the two embrace. Even as Inzamam leaves for nets with his team after a while, Mujtaba prepares to take the Pakistan captain’s wife and children back home. They are obviously used to it.
He introduces Inzamam’s beautiful wife and then refers to his son, attired in a mini-Pakistan uniform, with pride. “Ehtesham wants to be like his father when he grows up. For me, there can be no better dream. ” And then he waves, he’s in a hurry. He runs the barber’s shop in the hotel. Question papers of B. A. (Prog) 1st year 2011 | BA 1st Year Question paper English Question-Answer Of B. A. prog 1st year 2011 Check out below,Delhi University 1st year B. A. programme English Question-answer online. INZY LETS THINGS FLOW OVER HIM…KADAMBARI MURALI
Que:-1) (i) is this article easy to understand or difficult? Why? (ii) What is it about? Arrive at a summary of the article in about 8-10 sentences. Ans: This article is easy to understand because it is written in a simple, straightforward style. The article on Inzamam-ul-haq is written by Kadambari Murali, well known sports journalist. She is currently the sports editor of the ‘Hindustan Times’. As the first paragraph ends we know that this article is based on a conversation between the journalist Kadambari Murali and gulam Mujtaba, close friend of Inamam-ul-haq or Inzy, as he is known by his friends.
The conversation takes place in the lobby of a hotel in Multan where mujtaba is busy preparing for Inzy’s return home. Mujtaba and Inzy have been close friends for twenty years and Mujtaba narrates old incidents to Kadambari, telling her how Inzy and he would spend whole nights chatting with each other. He also tells Kadambari about Inzamam’s early cricketing carrer, his rise to become a cricket sports star, his success and his problema. We get know that Inzamam has never assertive and only recently started to assert himself.
Que:-2) Who does the article tell us more about Inzamam or Mujtaba ? Who are you more interested in? Why? Ans:-This article tells us more about Inzamam, though it is based on a conversation between the journalist and Mujtaba. The reader would naturally be more interested in learning about Inzamam was Captain of the Pakistan cricket team from 2003-07. in the Indian subcontinent cricket is a religion and fans love to read about their favorite players. Que:-3) on the reading a passage, it is important to able to tell about its style.
From the following words decide which words describe this passage best: (narrative, descriptive, reflective, factual, humorous, formal, informal, informative, imaginative, ironic, straightforward, matter of fact, conversational) Ans: The style of the article is informal and conversational, Kadambari Murali does not go into details of Inzamam’s career or his achievements as a Cricketer. Instead she adopts the human approach and focuses on Mujtaba’s reflection (reflective) on Inzamam’s personality and his narration (narrative) of the early days of their friendship. IT’S ONLY A GAME. ENJOY……….
TARUN TEJPAL QUE:-1. SOME POINTS TO NOTE FROM THE ARTICAL:- ANS:-1. (I) These are good things on display:Outstanding physical abilities, good hand-eye coordination, strength, speed, skill. Some entertainment, some enchantment, and some frission of combat. (ii) Games exist primarily to amuse us. Writer asserts that games provide a safe outlet for the aggression that is a natural part of a man’s physiological make-up. The games exists to take the violence out of us, to drain us of real blood thirst. If instead it generates violence, it loss its purpose, remainig neither amusement nor cartharsis. iii) After this Tejpal switches to criticizing indo-Pak cricket encounters. He strongly belives that political troubles should not be allowed to affect sporting ties. Underlining the common regional identity of the two countries, he is critical of all those people who contribute to the entanglement of sports with politics, whether politicians or sports commentators. A misplaced sense of patriotism can make country down if they lose a match. Enchoing the sentiments of many, he feels that cricket should become a unifying factor instead of a divisive force. For what we to change our attitude and learn to appreciate good cricket.
Disassociating talent from national identity is that first step towards that. He concludes the artical by repeating his opening statement. ‘A Game is fun only if it is remains a game. We must not make it anything more’ HAROUN AND SEA OF STORIES…. SALMAN RUSHDIE QUE:-1. Haroun asks his father three questions, What are the questions? ANS:-1. Haroun was curious to know where the fantastic stories came from. When Rashid, his father, told him that the stories came from the great story sea, Haroun wanted to know where his father kept the hot water from the great story sea.
Another time Haroun wanted his father to tell him why he didn’t have any sisters or brothers but Rashid did not give a straight answer and told him that since Haroun was as good as four or five children they could not have more. The third question that Haroun asks his father is when his mother Soraya runs away with Mr. Sengupta, their angrily asks his father. ”what’s the use of stories that aren’t even true? ” QUE:-2. From the answers Haroun got from his father, would you say that straight answerswere beyond Rashid Khalifa? ANS:-2. Rashid Khalifa is a storyteller and he is used to creating imaginary worlds.
It is not surprising then that he does not give straight answers to any of Haroun’s questions. Rashid is the Shah of Blah. QUE:-3. What was so terrible about the third question that Haroun ‘wanted to get those words back…….. into his own mouth? does it prove to be a terrible question after all? ANS:-3. Haroun feels terrible after asking his father what use it was telling stories that were not true. He realizes that it is precisely what Soraya has written in the note that she has left for Rashid. Soraya has run away with Mr. Sengupta because she wanted to be with a man who was practical, not like Rashid whose head was full of make belive.
As soon as he asks thisquestion Haroun regrets hurting his father. After his Rashid loses his Powers and cannot tell fantastic tales. QUE:-4. Why do you think Soraya runs away with Mr. Sengupta? ANS:-4. Soraya is tired of her husband who lives in a make-believe world. May ba she feels that her husband is not practical enough or neglecting her but there is a hint that she feels unhappy. During the early years of her marriage. She sings sweetly all the time but then one day she stops singing all of a sudden. QUE:-5. Are stories always lies?
What is the difference between the stories that ‘politics’ tell and those that Rashid tells? ANS:-5. Politicians pretend thet they are telling the truth but the public could understand that they are lying. Rashid’s stories interested people because he would insist that they were his creation and they trusted him. SISTERS…. SALEEM PEERADINA QUE:-1. Central idea of the poem:- ANS:-1. The poem ‘sisters’ deals with sibling rivalry and with the question of one’s responce to injustice. The elder daughter is expected to be docile, and submit to authority, and mould herself on the role of a traditional female figure. ut even at a young age, she is conscious of her rights as a child, and, by rebelling against the authoritarian stance of her father, the elder daughter breaks out of the image of a meek submissive girl child. She is capable of combating injustice by assertively taking a stand. This defiance renders a note of celebration to the poem. Parents are often not impartial in their attitude towards their children. It is quite possible that a boy in the place behaved more aggressively; and perhaps the father would also have behaved differently towards a boy-child. INTRODUCTION:-
Sibling rivalry is a phenomena which manifests itself even in the early years of one’s life. Quarrels between brothers and sisters, or siblings are quite common. Sometimes the differences or issues raised by their fights are harmless, sometimes these are serious. Parents are not always impartial when they intervene in the quarrels of their children. The poem ‘sisters’ written by Saleem peeradina, deals with the differences of temperament and age between two sisters. One, not quite ten but ahead of the other, younger whose five plus will never catch up with the big one’s lead o matter how good she acts. or how hard she cheats…….. The narrator of the poem is the father of the two sisters. The elder daughter is less than ten years of age, while the younger one is a little more than five years old. The younger child is aware that she would never be able to bridge the difference of nearly five year’s gap between the two sisters. She feels that neither good behaviour(“how hard she cheats”) will make up for the age difference. The father is aware of the inner natures of his two children. He implies that the younger daughter can employ both fair and foul means to have her way.
Like any disadvantaged species she has turned the handicap in her favour:she’s bolder, sneakier,sweeter than honey, obeyer of commands, underminer of rules, producer of tears, yeller,complete The younger sister regards the age gap as a disadvantage. But she uses all kind of strategies to turn the disadvantage or the “handicap” of being the younger one into an advantage. the younger sister tries to utwit the elder one by her manipulative nature: the younger one is bolder as well as shy by nature. Sometimes she uses sweet words and is obedient in order to impress her parents.
But she is also capable of subverting rules, and deliberately influencing elders by shedding tears and shouting. Turnaround. The older one gets the tough end of it. Most times blames end up in her sullen face. Fighting back, she argues, attacks me for talk her the way all parents The father seems to be partial to the younger daughter. Even when the younger one is in the wrong, he tries to teach the elder one to be more tolerant, accommodating and protective towards her young sister. The elder daughter often has to bear the brunt of the younger one’s smart and manipulative behaviour.
The elder sibling responds to the unfair treatmentmeted out to her through the expression on her face. She tries to fight against the injustice she receives by accusing her father of taking the wrong side. At all times have tried explaining to the elder child. living up to her inheritance, she blazes back at moralizing. On bad days I shout her down, immediately regretting my words. The speaker of the poem, that is the father, tries to talk to the elder daughter in a pleasant manner, placing the ones of all good behaviour on the elder child. But the elder daughter rebels against the moralistic and unfair attitude of the father.
Sometimes when the father is not in a good mood, he suppresses the elder daughter by shouting at her; but deep down, he is a loving father, and , he immediately regrets such behaviour on his part. We find that although the father puts unfair pressure on the elder daughter by trying to make her endure her younger sister’s negative behaviour, he is good at heart. He admits to the reader that he is unfair and moralizing. But even as she retreats into simmering silence, she stands her ground knowing me to be unfair. Secretly, I rejoice at the lesson never intended but so well learnt: how to overcome fathers, real and imaginary.
The impact of the father’s unfair shouting at the elder daughter is that she lapses into silence. But she is not cowed into submission; the word “simmering” shows her quiet anger against the injustice that she receives. The father is silently at the outcome, although he did not deliberatly intend to teach the elder daughter what she has learnt instinctively. by standing her ground, and revolting against injustice, the elder daughter demonstrates her ability to defy authoritative behaviour. The expression “to overcome father, real and imaginery”, refers to standing up against authoritatrian figures in one’s life.
HITTING DOWRY FOR A SIX…….. KALPANA SHARMA QUE:-1. How is Nisha Sharma’s case different from that of satyarani Chaddha? Give at least three differences. ANS:-1. Both Nisha Sharma and Satyarani Chaddha raised the banner against the evils system of dowry but there are differences between the two cases. Firstly Satyarani Chaddha is not a victim herself as Nisha is. In Satyarani’s case it was her daughter who lost her life to his system. Secondly in Nisha’s case the diaster is adverted in turn due to Nisha’s courage and her parents support. In Satyarani’s case however, her daughter loses her life as she is tortured and killed by her in laws.
Thirdly, one major difference between the two cases is that while Nisha’s parents stand by her and support her in her stand against such a marriage, Satyarani, being a parent, has yet gone along with dowry demands and acts only after she loses her daughter. nisha’s case teaches us to act in time. QUE:-2. What do protests like those by Nisha and satyarani teach us? ANS:-2. Protests like those by Nisha and Satyarani teach us that an individual’s actions can have far reaching repurcussions. we should never think that because we are alone something that we believe in we should act on our belifs and the rest will follow.
QUE:-3. The writer says that we need to ask some ‘hard questions’ with regard to Nisha’s case. What are these questions? ANS:-3. The hard questions point at the fault that lie within all those people who go along with dowry demands. Though Nisha recieves parental support when she decides that the cash demand had become too much, yet till that time both she and her parents had gone along with unreasonable demands. This leads to further questions whether any demands can be reasonable and why should there be any demand at all. QUE:-4. What is the central issue? ANS:-4.
The central issue is the social mind set that considers a woman to be a burden first in her parental home and then in her marital home. The belief that dowry is given and accepted so that a woman is not considered a burden in her marital home results from this mentality. We need to change this mentality or else individuals efforts like those of Nisha and Satyarani will be forgotten very soon. QUE:-5. According to the author what is the biggest advantage girls have in their fight against dowry? ANS:-5. The girl’s biggest advantage in their fight against dowry is that they have the numbers on their side.
There are less number of girls than boys in our country. So it is the girls who should be playing hard to get. They should not give in so easily. QUE:-6. Bend it like Beckham was an English film about a British-Indian girl who wanted to play professional football while her family was completely against it. In the sentence of this essay the metaphor from another sport. Which sport? Explain the metaphor. ANS:-6. The other metaphor has been taken from the world of cricket. In cricket if a ball is hit for a six(meaning six runs with one shot) then the ball goes flying out of the boundary without once hitting the ground.
The same is being used in the metaphorical sense by the writer here. The field is our society and the boundary is that of our social customs. The ball is being used to represent dowry and is being hit for a six and is being sent out flying from our social system. The writer says that if girls have confidence in themselves and if they receive parental support they can certainly hit dowry for a six. QUE:-7. Centrel idea of artical:- ANS:-7. The artical probes the issue deeply and from various perspectives. It concludes by saying that laws alone cannot help in changing the mindsets of people.
Girls have to be determined(submissive is a opposite) not to give in to dowry demands and their parents have to be supportive only then we can deal with the menace of dowry. GIRLS…. MRINAL PANDE QUE:-1. Who is the narrator of the piece? What details can gather about her from the story? ANS:-1. The narrator in this story is a little girl, the middle daughter of lali. Her anguish and complaint against the elders is that they hold a girl inferior to a son. Secondly, they scold and ill treat a girl child. Milli’s mother thinks all her daughters are a problem a nuisance.
Milli is a naughty but intelligent girl. She examines the elders critically and wishes she were a bird or a magician to escape from the world of human being. QUE:-2. In a story with so many characters, only the servants seems to have names. What does this tell us about the society depicted in the story? ANS:-2. In our society the children are not allowed to know the names of the elders. They cannot address their elders by the name but this rule does not apply to servants. So the story writer has not given names to maamis, naani or maamas. The servsnts are treated as inferiors.
QUE:-3. Why are we not told the names of the major characters in the story? Is it because (i) the story is told from the point of view of a child and children in India are not expected to know the names of their elders? (ii) the story deals with the games of power played out in most families, so individuals are not important? (iii) the story is about family relationships, and so kinship terms like naani, maasi, maama, ma and so on, are emphasized? ANS:-3. (iii) the story is about family relationships, and so kinship terms like naani, maasi, maama, ma and so on, are emphasized.
QUE:-4. Why is it so important for the narrator’s mother to ‘have a boy this time’? Is her treatment of her daughter somehow related to this desire? ANS:-4. In our society, sons are preferred to girls. The birth of a female child casts a gloom all over the house. the birth of a son is heralded with pride and celebrated with a party, yes of course her treatment with her daughter somehow related to this desire. QUE:-5. Do you think that the narrator is really a naughty child? Examine some of the situation in which she is scolded and decide what her faults are. ANS:-5.
The narrator, Milli is a naughty child, is obstinate and she is fairly intelligent as well. She is obstinate and she is often scolded and smacked by her mother. She is branded as a problem, a nuisance, a bitch. in the train compartment she stricks out her tongue at everyone. She gets two slaps when she overhears her maasi’s complaint and asks Ma the meaning of word ‘endure’. She refuses to move out of the way of Hari’s Ma. She feels like swallowing the burning comphor to end her life. She pinches maama’s son. QUE:-6. What is the attitude of the driver, the dai and the elderly neighbour towards the little girl?
ANS:-6. The middle daughter of Lali ia an eyesore for her mother. But the driver is amused when the girls scream. Everytime he presses the horn, the girls scream together. The dai, Hari’s Ma also does not scold the narrator when she stands in her way. She only laughs as she complains. The elderly neighbour, also saves the little girl from thrashing when Ma moves towards her with her clenched fist. QUE:-7. How is the narrator’s elder sister different from her? What makes her more acceptable to the family? ANS:-7. The narrator’s elder sister is very sensible and loving. he narrator knows that the elder sister alone in the family loves her truly. She warms that if she persists, She might be beaten to death. The elder sister is vastly different from the younger one. She doesn’t harass Ma. She doesnot tease Hari’s Ma. She is never smacked. QUE:-8. The little girl, the narrator, asks three question it the story. The first time she poses a question, she is sternly told not to argue with her elders. The second time she is sternly told not to argue with her elders. The second time she is given a slap and the third time she can barely choke back her tears.
What is so disturbing about the question she asks? ANS:-8. The narrator, though a little girl, is very active and naughty. She wants to overhear wht the elders women are talkinh about. She asks Baabu if she can ever turn into a boy. She asks her Ma what her Maasi is enduring in her house. She questions naani and others why they treat girls as Goddesses only on Ashtami day when actually no body loves the girls. Her questions embarass the elders. They are irritated and they very often smack the little girl. Her questions are pointed and disturbing. QUE:-9.
There is a great deal of suppressed violence in the story. The narrator is constantly being threatened and has to be rescued from getting a beating more than once by the maami or the neighbour; Chhoti Maasi cries in suppressed tones because she doesn’t get as much respect as a dog does in that house; the narrator is herself violent towards the maama’s son and other childern, and ends by letting out a scream so loud that it is like a ‘bullet being fired’. Do you think that women are only at the receiving end of his violence or do they also perpetrate it? How do you explain the contradiction?
ANS:-Girls, taken in totality, are at the receiving end of violence in out of male-dominated society. they are subjected to all sorts of indignity and shame, physical and mental torture and so on. They are discriminated against. A girl child is considered inferior to a male child. They are paid less than men folk. Crimes against women in increasing not only in India but in all parts of the world. Chiefly because they are a weaker sex and disorgainsed. Women themselves, I must say, are the swarch enemies of their class and sex. They persecute women, and subject them to inhuman viloence.
It is really a strange and inexplicable phenomenon. Every woman has a preference for a son. The birth of a male child is celebrated and announced with the beating of metal tray. He is taken extra case of the girls live all their life under the domination of parents, brothers, and the state administration. Any improvement in their condition will depend on a change in the mindset ot the women themselves first and then of men folk. QUE:-10. ’I don’t want to be a Goddess. ’ What does this tell us about the way women are treated in our society? ANS:-10.
The narrator of this story laments the lot of girls and women folk in the Indians society. Her cry of pain is, in fact, the cry of the female species. Society is prejudiced against women, treats them as domestic help, as sex pots, as a commodity. And all this is tolereted by men folk who adore women also as deities or symbol of power. Women are worshipped as Durga or Chandi who once killed the demons. The narrator’s resentment is real and justified. though her revolt remains weak and ineffective, she justly demands a fair treatment at home from her mother, and other elderly women.
She wants to be treated just like a human being, not as a Goddess on a certain day in the year. Her cry is loud and clear, only the society is deaf to that. The narrator, though a little girl, longs for an escape from her torture cell. She wishes she were a bird to fly away, or had that magic betel nut to become invisible. So desperate is she that she thinks of ending her life by swallowing the burning comphor. A TEN DAY FAST……HARI SHANKARPARSAI QUE:-1. Baba Sankidas is a master strategist. He uses a variety of agencies like media, caste,religion, musclemen and public opinion in ‘setting up’ the issue.
Explain the role of each briefly. ANS:-1. Baba Sankidas is makes use of all possible agencies and tricks to gain his end. He is a master of that art. He first writes the declaration of principles justifying Bannu’s love for savitri. He uses fast unto death as a magic stick that purifies every issue. He turns bannu’s personal cause into a public cause. He get a fake statement of some at Radhika Babu’s house, at the houses of Brahmins and the Kayasthas. Thus he makes use of caste feeling and musclemen to turn public opinion in Bannu’s favour. He put ads in the press and takes delegation to he prime minister. QUE:-2. Why do these agencies/people cooperate with him? What do you think are their interest? ANS:-2. The press and the politicians are always in search of a sensational issue, to organise agitation and get publicity. The press highlights a minor event as a major world shaking earthquake in order to sell the paper. The common people are ignorant color given to any person or cause. Prayers, temples and public platforms all come handy for the organisers of unrest. All this part of a big power game and vote catching exercise on democracy. QUE:-3.
The ‘issue’ behind Bannu’s fast begins by wanting to ‘spit on him’, then tries to tie a rakhi on him and finally tries to commit suicide. What does this tell us about the status of ‘issues’ on which strikes, bandhs and dharnas place so much value? ANS:-3. Bannu harasses a housewife Savitri for sixteen years. He even dares to drag her away, and gets roughed up. Savitri spits on him and hates to see face. She is furious when he sits on fast unto death. She goes to Baba to protest but all in vain. She is afraid of bearing a social stigma, of getting a bad name. She even agrees to tie a rakhi on Bannu’s wrist to end the fast.
But nothing works so much as strategy of Baba sankidas, irresponsible press and stupid mass appeal. Finally she attempts to commit sucide but is saved. The story is a satire on the actual working of democracy and the so-called public opinion in our country. the state, the law and even the judiciary-all find themselves helpless against the fury of the mob, the strikes, bandhs and dharnas. QUE:-4. Can you think of dharna/bandh/strike organised in the last 4-5 years which was as silly as Bannu’s fast for Savitri? ANS:-4. Almost everyday such dharnas/bandh or strikes are organised in one state of the other.
Organisers are not just individuals but also the state, government and the political parties. The agitation often turns violent. The farmers demand free power or electricity. A section of people demand a separate independent Nagaland or Khalistan or Telengana. QUE:-5. Fasting was originally a religious act. It was given political overtones by Mahatma Gandhi when he used it as a means of non-vilont protest against the British. Do you think that the fasts/strikes/bandhs/dharnas organised today are non-violent? ANS:-5. Fasting as advised by our religious texts, is a medical prescription for good health.
It cleanses the body. It is a lesson in self-discipline. In Jainism, long fasts are a way to attain spiritual heights and communion with God. But Gandhi ji used it as a political non-violent weapon to secure political freedom but today such forms of protests are aimed at creating disorder,to defame the government and to gain publicity. The factory workers demand higher wages, sit on dharnas and burn public transport buses. They turn violent and the police resorts to lathi charge to control the mad mob. QUE:-6. What is the centrel idea of ‘A Ten Day Fast’ by ‘Harishankar parsai”?
ANS:-6. we have already had an understanding of the meaning and use of satire in a piece of literary writing. Trough satire, an absurd situation is highlighted: one man is steered by “well-wishers” and experts to go on a fst unto death so that he can procure another man’s wife. The aim of the stirist Harishankar Parsai is to expose te loopholes in a democratic system, whereby a handful of people with vested interests can manipulate a situation and subvert political ideology. Troughout “A Ten Day fast”, ideas and means reminiscents of India’s satirically to achieve unworthy goals. e see how various kinds of people and agencies such as media, common man’s religious sentiments, the opinion of masses, the caste system and social miscreants can be manipulated to achieve petty personal gains. GO KISS THE WORLD….. SUBROTO BAGCHI QUE:-1. Describe in your own words, Koraput as remembered by Bagchi. ANS:-1. Koraput, was a small town in Orissa and Bagchi calls it a ‘back of the beyond’ place. By this he means that it was a background place almost primitive and he remembers that there was no electricity and no primary school there. There was no piped water-supply and therefore no taps.
Water was probably available only through lakes, ponds or wells. QUE:-2. Why do you think that the children in the Bagchi household were not allowed to call the driver “The Driver”? ANS:-2. The children in the Bagchi household were not allowed to call the driver “the driver” but had to use the suffix “dada”. this was in order to give him respect because Bagchi’s parents belived that it is important to respect your subordinates. It is necessary to treat small people with more respect than you treat big people. QUE:-3. Bagchi learnt a number of lessons from his parents.
List the three lessons that he associates with his father and the three that he associates with his mother. ANS:-3. The three lessons that he associates with his father are: (i) One should never misuse official privileges. (ii) One should be sensitive to small people and remember that it is more important to respect your subordinates than your superiors. (iii)One should show consideration to others. The three lessons that he associates with his mother are: (i) Success is not about what you creat for yourself, it is what you leave behind that defines success. ii)Success is about a sense of independence. It is not about seeing the world but seeing the light. (iii)Success is about vision. It is the ability to rise above the immediacy of pain. QUE:-4. Listed below are a number of insights that Bagchi gained from his parents. give at least one example of each from your own experiences(and not taken from the essay) so that its meaning becomes clear. (i) Showing sensitivity to small people. (ii) Showing consideration to others. (iii) Seeing the light. (iv) Lesson in governance. (v) Imagination is everything. vi) Having a larger vision. (vii) Having personal tenacity. ANS:-4. (i) Showing sensitivity to small people: means being considerate not only to their needs but also their feelings. (ii) Lesson in governance: means to learn to be honest in life,and not misuse the power and the privileges given to you. (iii) Seeing the light:means being hopeful and optimistic. (v) Imagination is everything:means to imagination helps you think about the future and shape it too. (vi) having a larger vision: means to not be limited to just inclusive and be connected to the larger world. vii) Having personal tenacity:means having the ability to persevere in your efforts against all odds. To sticks to your goal. QUE:-5. ’Go Kiss the World’ are the last words of Bagchi’s mother to him. What do you think she means? ANS:-5. By asking the writer to ‘Go Kiss the World’ his mother is in fact asking hin to “stay connected to a larger world existence”. She is asking him to not limit his vision to just his personal world but to rise above it and connect to the large world outside. QUE:-6. How did the reading out of English newspaper prove useful to Bagchi?
ANS:-6. The narrator was called upon to read out the statesmen to father at tea time. He benefited greatly from that practice. He realised that the world was a larger place. He also got good command over Enhlish. QUE:-7. What was Bagchi’s father? Who had he married? ANS:-7. Bagchi’s father was a district employment officer. He married a refugee girl, who had been brought up by a widow from East Bengal. QUE:-8. What childhood lesson in governance did Bagchi learn from his father? Ans:-8. Bagchi’s father was a man of principles.
He had official jeep to tour the interior parts of the district. He never used it for personal comfort. He allowed his children to sit inside only when it was not in motion. That was his style of governance. QUE:-9. Bagchi children made two demands from their father. Were they fulfilled? Why/Why not? ANS:-9. The narrator and his brother requested father to buy them a transistor radio to build a house of their own. But father politely turned both the demads down. QUE:-10. How didi bagchi think of doing something foe his nation at the University? ANS:-10.
India fought a war with Pakistan in 1951 Lal Bahadur Shastri called upon the people to defend the country with all their might. The narrator used to read out newspaper to his mother. He realised that he should also do his bit for the nation. He went near the University’s water tank to catch hold of same pakistani spy. QUE:-11. How does Mr. Bagchi define success? ANS:-Success to Subroto Bagchi, is a matter of farsight or imagination respect for even small people, of being considerate to the needy of staying connected with the larger world, of giving back more to life than what one takes out of it.
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