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History and Appreciation of Architecture

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    History and Appreciation of Architecture

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    File:VierzehnheiligenPlan.jpg

    Question 1:

    • Rococois besides known as the Late Baroque. It is the regulation of King Louis XV ( eighteenth century ) . This is a playful manner of architecture and stresses detailing on the dissymmetry of a home or construction, ornamentation on the inside and outside of the edifice. These were by and large made up of grottoes which consisted of irregular shells and rocks. The Rococo manner of architecture used light colourss and curves in the art and designs.
    • Neoclassicismmanner of architecture came from classical art and besides the civilizations of Ancient Greece and Rome. This manner of architecture had begun in the in-between 18Thursdaycentury and is recognized by its attending to inside informations. It had a all right line between the Rococo and the Late Baroque architecture in footings with their different methods in nearing design.

    Question 2:

    • Classical– the traditional manner of art, music, literature and architecture. In this peculiar epoch it refers to the edifices of the classical period in European history. This started with the rebellion of Greece into a major cultural power and ended with the ruin of the Roman Empire.
    • Classicism– refers to the specific genre of doctrine, which states itself in footings of literature, art, and architecture. It was emphasized by the Ancient Greek and the Romans. Classicism was conveyed in the Neoclassicism epoch.

    Question 3:

    • Rococo:
    • Extravagant
    • Cosmetic
    • epicurean
    • Neoclassicism:
    • Pure
    • Simple
    • Rational

    Question 4

    1. The Basilika Vierzehnheiligen, is besides known as the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. This church located near the town of Staffelstein, in Bavaria, southern Germany. This church was designed byJohann Balthasar Neumann. The Basilika Vierzehnheiligen was constructed between 1743 and 1772 and is dedicated to the Fourteen Holy Helpers. They are a group of saints honored together in the Catholic Church, particularly at the clip of the Black Death.

    The outside of this edifice has the signifier of the Latin-cross basilica with the twin-tower facade which is made up of sandstone. The inside of this edifice is to be considered an Architectural wonder. Entering the edifice there is a apparently infinite, glowing infinite of a series of egg-shaped baldachin. The chief colorss used are white, gold, Grey, marble, images, sculptures and pictures it gives the building’s interior a rich and dynamic consequence which is given off by the regular sharped system of immense columns and pilasters. The big organ on the West gallery smaller one in a corner over a little vestry.

    The axis which is longitudinal is emphasized by the chief communion table which is set frontward in the presbytery and is every bit strong in the centre. This is marked by the free-standing Rococo communion table of the Fourteen Saints which is surrounded by bosom shaped communion table tracks. The lower portion of this communion table is decorated by marble with the domed higher canopy, where the Four Holy Helpers are situated on 3 different degrees. There are added 2 assistants which are located on either side of the communion table. The spacial agreement shows that there are two systems in this edifice which is combined ; the biaxal being fundamentally and the conventional Latin cross. With the monolithic use of clear glass, the inside is lit up with natural sunshine at twenty-four hours and Moon visible radiation at dark.

    Neumann designed his edifice so that he could make:

    1. A focal point in way of the entryway

    2. Consequence and temper

    3. Use of natural visible radiation

    4. Sense of gesture and way

    5. The usage of colorss to pull strings natural visible radiation

    6. Added play with the drifting ceiling

    7. Rhythm

    The chief map of this edifice is a church and is visited by many boulder clay day of the month.

    http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608053707228253131&pid=1.7

    Fig 1: Picture programofThe BasilikaVierzehnheiligen

    (hypertext transfer protocol: //de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilika_Vierzehnheiligenassessed on the 02 May 2014 @ 20 ; 22 )

    Materials used:masonry cut rock

    1. THE PANTHEON

    ThePantheon is a church in the Latin One-fourth in Paris, France and originally built as a church which was dedicated to St. Genevieve. It is an early illustration of neoclassicism. The frontage is a representation on the Pantheon in Rome and was designed by Jacques.G.Soufflot. This edifice constructed between 1756 and 1797. This edifices design was based on the Grecian cross with immense portico of Corinthian columns. The big dome characteristics three superimposed shells which was inspired by several similar Renaissance constructions and allows for natural visible radiation to come in the building’s inside at twenty-four hours. The inside is covered with the same stuff used to make the Corinthian columns that make up the forepart facade and reveals the Classical impressiveness of signifier that was shaped in an elegant Corinthian order and was to the full detailed and elegant which supported the slender arches. The inside has the Gothic ornaments combined with the chiefly classical manner of the edifice, making a neoclassical memorial. It besides has attractively painted drawings on the walls, each which portrays a certain narrative of Gallic history. At the in-between hangs the Foucault’s pendulum which depicts the earth’s rotary motion. The inside besides houses many sculptures which illustrates scenes of the Gallic revolution.

    The complex transitional place of Soufflot is clearly evidenced in the outside of the Pantheon, which is much more monolithic and stiff than the interior which makes it difficult to associate them as two facets of a individual edifice.

    This edifice has two maps:

    1. It is a burial grave for great work forces

    2. A topographic point of worship

    Materials used:Large marble, rock, thick brick walls and Fe supports was added on later for strength.

    The dome was constructed with rock which is bounded together with Fe spasms and covered with lead sheeting

    Fig 2: Picture programofThePantheon

    (hypertext transfer protocol: //picornot.com/keyword/partheonthe 02 May 2014 @ 21:45 )

    Mentions

    • hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo ( Accessed 28 April 2014 @ 16:35 and 22 May 2014 @ 18:31 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoclassicism ( Accessed 28 April 2014 @ 16:56 and 22 May 2014 @ 19:01 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.thefreedictionary.com/classical ( Accessed 30 April 2014 @ 17:21 and 22 May 2014 @ 19:16 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/classicism ( Accessed 30 April 2014 @ 17:30 and 22 May 2014 @ 19:40 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emporis.com/building/basilika-vierzehnheiligen-bad-staffelstein-germany ( Accessed 30 April 2014 @ 18:01 and 22 May 2014 @ 19:50 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Vierzehnheiligen.html ( Accessed 1 May 2014 @ 16:28 and 22 May 2014 @ 20:18 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.roughguides.com/destinations/europe/germany/northern-bavaria-franconia/vierzehnheiligen/ ( Accessed 1 May 2014 @ 17:35 and 22 May 2014 @ 21:10 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pantheon, _Paris ( Accessed 1 May 17:54 @ 21:49 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pantheonparis.com/ ( Accessed 2 May 2014 10:18 and 22 May 2014 @ 22:02 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.aviewoncities.com/paris/pantheon.htm ( Accessed 2 May 2014 @ 12:51 and 22 May 2014 @ 22:28 )
    • hypertext transfer protocol: //www.classicalarchives.com/period/4.html ( Accessed 22 May 2014 @ 22:28 )

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