Essay, Research Paper
The Lifes of Confucius and Guatama Siddhartha
World Civilization 121
September 19, 1996
Professor: Helju Bennett
Section Teacher: Sara Abosch
The Life Of Confucius
Throughout the clip span that adult male has lived on Earth, there have been
many faiths in being. Two really of import and influencing faiths that
have been around for over two thousand old ages are Confucianism and Buddhism. The
laminitiss of these two faiths, Confucius and Buddha, severally, lived
different lives and had different ideas.
Although this made two wholly
different faiths, they both had one common end. That common end was to
help the human population and better their life style.
Confucius was a sage in China and besides it & # 8217 ; s greatest philosopher. He
was one of the most outstanding figures and is respected throughout all of China.
He was born at Tsou, in the province of Lu, known today as the Shandong state,
in the twelvemonth 551 B.C. He was named Ch & # 8217 ; iu, intending? hill & # 8217 ; , because he had a really
big bump on his caput.
This name has seldom been used because of the Chinese
manner of demoing? fear by turning away? . ( Encyclopedia Americana, v. 7 ; 540 )
K & # 8217 ; ung Futzu was what was used. The name got Latinized and it became Confucius.
Ever since Confucius & # 8217 ; birth, he was a great pupil. All throughout his
childhood Confucius liked to play spiritual and cultural functions. By the age of
15, Confucius began to take his surveies really earnestly. He was a diligent and
studious scholar and put forth his whole attempt on his surveies. Nothing is
known about his pedagogues or his instruction.
Confucius started work at an early age, due to the fact that his male parent
died. By the age of 17, Confucius received a occupation in the public service.
Most likely this occupation was being a keeper of Fieldss and cowss, a town governor,
or a tribunal supreme authority of ritual. Confucius, because he loved to larn and he loved
his surveies so much, became a really educated adult male and in bend was extremely respected.
In 529 B.C. Confucius & # 8217 ; mother died and observed the criterion backdown
from life of three old ages. This included the backdown from his responsibilities as a
public worker. After this long observation, Confucius returned place and opened
his house up to pupils and began learning. This became his full clip occupation and
he took it earnestly. At one point, Confucius & # 8217 ; instructions were wanted by so many
that he had 3,000 pupils go toing his school. 72 of them had mastered the
six arts-rituals, music, archery, charioteering, literature, and mathematics.
He was a great instructor, good known and respected. He was able to acquire his
adherents responsible places in the Chinese authorities and besides able to acquire
them occupations as instructors. He knew many and the favours that he asked for were
granted by others.
Confucius believed that? cognition meant wisdom? , ( Encyclopedia
Americana, v. 7 ; 540 ) . He thought that this in bend would assist him go more
educated and non merely to assist himself but to besides assist the state. He was a
reformist and preached for good authorities. He believed in such thought like?
turning away of gratuitous wars, lessening in revenue enhancements, and extenuation of terrible
penalty? . ( Encyclopedia Americana, v. 7 ; 540 ) He eventually received that
chance in the province of Lu. The province of Lu, where Confucius was born, was
in convulsion. There were three major households contending. Each one combat
against each other merely to see who could go more powerful. One of these
households, the emperor of Mang He, allowed Confucius to come to his capital.
Mang He wanted Confucius to learn his boy the instructions and let him to go
This enabled Confucius to larn a great trade about past imperiums and yesteryear
emperors. He was able to obtain resources that lone functionaries had entree to.
It besides allowed him to roll up stuffs and information for plant that he would
green goods subsequently on in his life.
Confucius shortly returned back to Lu to happen more disorganisation and more
contending. The swayer, Duke Chao, fleed for safety and Confucius followed. Here
Confucius thought that he could go swayer but there was great enviousness that
suppressed his promotion.
Soon after, Confucius was appointed governor of Chung Tu. Here is where
Confucius had success. In such a short clip, he reformed this province. It became
a theoretical account for many other provinces to follow. After four old ages of authorities and a
dissension with a Duke, Confucius went into rolling for 13 old ages.
Confucius traveled approximately seeking to assist reform different provinces. But no
one truly needed his aid so at the age of 67 Confucius returned back to his
place province of Lu. His married woman, boy, and two of his favourite adherents all died in a
short clip span. He spent his last old ages redacting the classical texts and
go oning learning to his pupils. Confucius knew his life was non deserving much
any longer and that it was coming to an terminal. In 479 B.C. Confucius died.
The Life Of Buddha
The Buddha, otherwise known as Guatama Siddhartha, had a really different
life than that of Confucius. The Buddha was born in 566 B.C. to Queen Maya and
King Suddhodana. He was given the name? Siddhartha? which means which means?
all wants accomplished? . Seven twenty-four hours & # 8217 ; s after the birth, his female parent, Queen Maya
died. Queen Maya & # 8217 ; s younger sister, Mahapajapati, took the duty of
raising Guatama and the King made her his 2nd married woman. Right from the birth of
this prince, his male parent, female parent, 2nd female parent, and the whole land knew that
he was bound to be an of import figure in the Chinese society.
From a really immature age Guatama Siddhartha was cared for extensively.
Get downing at the age of seven, Prince Siddhartha began taking lessons on how to
read, compose, and reckon. The prince besides took uranology and archery. He took
his classs earnestly and besides excelled in them. Anything and everything that
he wanted was gotten for him. Guatama Siddhartha ne’er had to work. He had
slaves that would take attention of everything for him. In add-on, the slaves that
worked for him were fed rice and meat, while any other mean slave-servent
working for an mean adult male were fed broken rice and rancid gruel. This is merely how
good treated the prince and the princess & # 8217 ; s retainers were treated. The prince
ever had adult females environing him, shelter over his caput in any type of conditions
and a different castle for different seasons. In short, the prince was spoiled.
Around the age of 18 the prince got married and within the first
twelvemonth a boy was expected. Before the birth of the boy, the prince asked his
male parent for permission to roll outside of the castle gates. The male parent agreed
but allow everyone cognize beforehand that the prince was go forthing the castle and that
nil should be in his position that might upset him.
The prince wandered outside the Gatess four different times. In these
trips he saw an old adult male, an ailment adult male, a funeral emanation and a recluse adult male.
The first three incidents upset him greatly. The prince ne’er thought that adult male
could go so atrocious. But the forth brush intrigued him. Upon his
brush with the hermit adult male he asked: ? ? What addition is at that place in the life of a
hermit? ? the individual answered and said: ? I depart from the impermanency of age,
unwellness, and decease, and derive the freedom of rescue. I forsake the illusive
love of life, walk the way of Right Dharma, and salvage living existences with
compassion. ? The prince exclaimed: ? What could be more baronial than the way of a
recluse. ? ? ( Takakusu, 15 )
Soon after this incident, his boy was born. The castle celebrated and
so did the town. The land had yet another boy. The land was proud, the
castle was proud, the King was proud but yet the prince was still troubled. Why
was he so troubled? What was the prince believing so much about?
The prince, after seeing and cognizing that he was no longer pleased with
his castle life, decided to go forth the palace and flee into the state. Upon
his call, the charioteer Chanda arrived, and the prince told about his program to
leave. The charioteer brought a Equus caballus. The prince, Chanda and the Equus caballus left.
The prince left everything behind him. His male parent, married woman, boy and wealths were
now of the yesteryear.
Upon come ining the countryside, Guatama Siddhartha began to take off his
apparels and speak to his charioteer. He talked how non to be sad, that he was
traveling to seek for Enlightenment and to travel state the castle that he was non
coming back. With this, Chanda received the princes apparels and gems, and
with unhappiness in his eyes sit off back to the castle knowing that he was the
courier of bad intelligence.
The prince, who for 19 old ages was looked after with great item and who
could hold anything he wanted, was now on his ain. He wandered around the
Himalayas, down to the fields, followed the Gandaki river South, crossed the
Ganges, into Madadha. Everywhere that the alone prince went, he was looking
for replies about life but nil genuinely satisfied him. He kept on going
and eating merely plenty nutrient to acquire by. Everyone he encountered was impressed
with the prince & # 8217 ; s lonely and
freshly deprived life. Soon there was a followers of
the prince and it grew daily. The prince, cognizing this, still deprived himself
of repasts: Traveling from merely one a twenty-four hours to one a month to merely eating a grain of
rice a twenty-four hours. ? He became deep-eyed ; he was barboned, and the belly and the dorsum
touched. The strivings physical and mental reached the last point? ( Takakusu, 27 ) .
Guatama Siddhartha realized that by practically killing himself he was non traveling
to have enlightenment. ? He made up his head that he must yet work out agencies
to achieve the terminal? ( Takakusu, 27 ) .
The prince revived himself to the point where he was alive once more and he
began rolling once more. He ended up in Gaya where? there was a great pipal tree,
and that the platform surrounded by the roots of the trees was fit as the place
for achieving Enlightenment for the Buddha & # 8217 ; s and the three times of the yesteryear
nowadays and the hereafter? ( Takakusu, 30 ) .
The prince now sat there and said to himself that he was non traveling to
move until he gained Enlightenment. With many distractions from others, the
prince sat there looking for Enlightenment. And so it happened. The prince
attained Enlightenment. The Sun shined, flowers blossomed and music was played.
The prince was now? The Buddha? & # 8211 ; ? one who is awake? .
He received thoughts he had non received earlier, he opened his head in ways
he had non done earlier, and he began prophesying to anyone that would listen to
any of his? great thoughts? .
The Buddha taught old ages and old ages. He educated work forces on everything. From
eating to kiping, to speaking and composing the Buddha was a wise man. But he was
over 80 old ages of age now and turning weaker and weaker. He shortly died and as
fast as the Sun shined and flowers blossomed the sky went black and? the universe
once more turned back to old darkness? ( Takakusu, 53 ) .
Similarities and Differences
There are many similarities between two of the greatest philosophers of
all clip. One of the most common and basic similarity is that both faiths
emerged around the same clip period. Each faith in this universe was brought up
in a clip period. For illustration, Christianity emerged about 40 A.D. , but
Confucianism and Buddhism both emerged in the sixth century B.C. This similarity
is basic but it is an of import one merely for the fact that since these two
faiths emerged around the same clip period they both have a batch of the same
positions on life. One illustration of this is that in Buddhism there are eight BASICs
waies to follow. This is called the Noble Eightfold Path. The Baronial Eightfold
Way included Right Views, Right Aspirations, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right
Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindedness, and Right Rapture. In Confucianism
there were similar beliefs that each individual followed but these beliefs were non
given the names that Buddhism gave them. For illustration, Confucius believed that?
if everyone knew his or her topographic point and kept it, so, said Confucius, all would
be good? ( McNEILL, 153 ) . This portion of Confucianism could be translated in
Buddhism to one of the Noble Eightfold Paths: Right Conduct.
Another similarity of the two faiths was that both Confucius and
Buddha taught others about their positions and the instructions that they had
established. After Confucius worked for the authorities he went into his?
rolling? province. Here is where he came to many sentiments and beliefs on life
that still hold true in the faith today. He had these basic regulations and values
on life that he taught to anyone who would listen. He had pupils and
followings that would listen to his positions and in bend pattern them. As for
Buddha, one time he achieved Enlightenment he went around learning what he believed
was right for society. He taught everyone. From Kings of provinces in Asia to
merely an ordinary individual he was more than willing to seek and put in new beliefs
in them. Both of them used their power that they received to seek and assist other
One last similarity between Confucianism and Buddhism is that both have
a set of regulations that are followed by the followings. In Confucianism, The
Deliberate Tradition is portion of how one can have advice on their life when
they need replies. There are five parts of The Deliberate Tradition: Jen
( relationship between two people ) , Chun tzu ( ideal dealingss ) , Li ( properness ) ,
Te ( power ) , and Wen ( humanistic disciplines of peace ) . All of these Deliberate Traditions helped
organize a batch of how a individual would move and how a individual would populate. The
Deliberate Tradition gives the rudimentss of Confucianism. Similarly, Buddhism has
the Eightfold Path. This list is what a follower of the Buddihist faith
should stay by. This includes: Right Positions, Right Aspirations, Right Speech,
Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Kindness, and in conclusion Right
Ecstasy. The Eightfold Path describes how a individual should execute their
mundane undertakings. Both Confucianism and Buddhism followings use these lists to
assist them unrecorded from twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours. These list in each faith are respected and
followed by greatly.
There are besides many differences between the two faiths. One major
and noticeable difference is Confucius was brought up much otherwise than
Buddha. Guatama Siddhartha was brought up in a affluent environment. He was
given more than plenty and was non expected any less than the best. For illustration,
the prince had different houses for different seasons. There was ever a screen
over his caput to protect him and there was ever retainers waiting for him. As
for Confucius he had a much different life style. He had to work at an early age
merely for the fact that his male parent had died. He worked difficult and brought his
standard up alternatively of remaining at the same lower category that he was born into.
At times he would barely hold plenty to eat. But he ever worked difficult and it
paid off for him. This is merely one illustration of how two great philosophers that
were brought up so otherwise wedged society so great.
Another illustration of how different these two great philosophers were was
in how their positions emerged and how they came up with replies to their inquiries.
Confucius ever had replies to inquiries that were asked to him. He was good
educated and he was really logical. His replies to inquiries made sense to
everyone and shortly everyone understood that what he was stating was right. As
for Buddha he had to derive his instruction through his rovings. He was really
wealthy and there was truly no demand for him to go educated. But shortly
recognizing that he was non happy as a rich adult male he left and went into his visits.
He thought that possibly if he starved himself so he would be able to have
Enlightenment. But this did non work for him. Finally while underneath a pipul
tree Buddha attained Enlightenment. This is where he gained his cognition to
aid others and to put the criterions of Buddhism. Therefore, the manner in which
each philosophers positions emerged were different each still came to decisions on
life and how a human can go satisfied with 1s life.
One last difference between Confucianism and Buddhism is that Buddhism
has a concluding end, Nirvana. Nirvana is one reaches an ultimate province where
everything in 1s life is perfect. On the contrary, Confucianism is a
doctrine that gives merely regulations and Proverbs to follow. These regulations do non
hold a end to endeavor for in the terminal. These Proverbss merely seek and steer a
individual through life and aid that individual achieve a satisfactory life for oneself.
In decision, Confucius and Buddha had wholly different life & # 8217 ; s. How
they were raised by household and how their life was overall in comparing to each
other was wholly different. Guatama Siddhartha was born into a really affluent
household while Confucius had to work hard for every thing he earned. In add-on,
the manner in which the decisions that they came to about life were wholly
different. Confucius was knowing and was able to replies others inquiries
about life while Buddha had to achieve Enlightenment. These two major
philosophers have/had a major impact on society. Even though these faiths
are really different they are besides really the same. They wanted to assist society and
assist the persons in the society. They were two really smart persons that
hold affected the universe when they were alive and will impact anyone who follows
their faiths in the hereafter.
Encyclopedia Americana ; 1994 ; S. v. ? Confucianism?
Encyclopedia Britanica ; 1991 ; S.v. ? Confucianism?
Creel, H.G. , Confucius and the Chinese Way, New York: Harper and Bro. Publishers,
Legge, James, The Philosophy of Confucius, New York: The Peter Pauper Press,
McNeill, William H. , A History Of The Human Community Volume I: Prehistory to
1500, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1992.
Nakamura, Hajime, Gotama Buddha, Los Angelos: Buddhist Books International, 1977.
Smith, Huston, The World & # 8217 ; s Religions, New York: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991.
Starr, Frederick, Confucianism, New York: Covici-Friede, 1930.
Takakusu, Junjiro, A Life of the Buddha, Japan: Mitsutoyo Mfg. Co. , Ltd. , 1964.
Yamamoto, Kosho, The Buddha, Japan: The Okazakiya Shoten, 1961.
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