WHEN RAIN CLOUDS GATHER THEMES * TRIBALISM * APARTHEID * RACISM * DESCRIMINATION * PROGRESSION – DEVELOPMENT * BLACK/BLACK – WHITE/BLACK – MALE/FEMALE * SOCIAL INJUSTICE When rain clouds gather written by Bessie Head is set in Botswana. The protagonist, Makhaya Maseko is escaping from South Africa as he does not want to be part of the apartheid system, he just wants peace and equality. The aims of the author are to show the horrible living conditions due to the same problem of tribalism as chiefs only thought about themselves and prevented local people to develop.
We can clearly see how harsh the living conditions were as it is mentioned ‘all those eighty cattle lay scattered about, quite still, quite dead’ this happened because of the dry season, not a single living thing could be seen as the passed by. When they finally got to the cattle post ‘vultures began swooping down in a straight column on the already decomposing carcasses’ this made it even clearer as there were only dead bodies and vultures were ready to eat them.
These quotes anticipate us about the death of the child. This was such an important moment because it shows us the love between these two characters, Paulina is hurt as her son has died but Makhaya is there to support her. Also, it shows us how the child lived away from the family and so he had no support from them and as a result, he dies ‘The boy is dead; why do you want to go in? After this question, Paulina says it’s a custom; Makhaya answers ‘All these rotten customs are killing us! Can’t you see I’m here to bear all your burdens? ’ This phrase demonstrates how Makhaya is determined, decided to change things, he wants to progress, he wanted equality and for these things to be achieved, first of all customs had to be forgotten, he does not care if seeing the dead body is custom because that would hurt even more to Paulina, he tries to protect her.
In conclusion, I can say that this section everything described is horrible, it just talks about death as everything is drying away because the chiefs don’t do anything to save their lands. Fortunately, Makhaya is there and he is trying to change that, he tries to change their way of living, he wants everyone to live in healthy conditions but needs Paulina to do it, he demonstrates there still is hope if people start making an effort. HARSH CONDITIONS ‘empty drinking pools in the bush and around these were scattered the carcasses of the tiny wild buck’ * ‘vultures began swooping down in a straight column on the already decomposing carcasses’ * ‘All those eighty cattle lay scattered about, quite still, quite dead’ IMPORTANT MOMENT * because it shows us the love of these two characters …. The child lives away from the family, has no support, result… he dies. * ‘the boy is dead; why do you want to go in? ’ * ‘All these rotten customs are killing us Can’t you see I’m here to bear all your burdens? ’